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September Part of
3rd Cruiser Squadron, Mediterranean Fleet.
3rd Deployed with in Mediterranean Fleet
on contraband control and patrol duty.
details of Fleet deployments in Mediterranean before Italy entered the war, see
AT SEA Vol 1 by S H Roskill and ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY
deployment in continuation
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to Home Fleet.
5th Passage to UK with call at Gibraltar.
11th Arrived at Portsmouth
2nd Cruiser Squadron and deployed in NW Approaches and North Sea.
addition to covering transit of convoys against attack by commerce raiders,
interception of blockade runners.
See THE BLOCKADERS by C. Hampshire).
Fleet duties in continuation.
cleaning at Rosyth.
5th Returned to Scapa Flow to rejoin Squadron.
7th Took part in search with HM
Battleships RODNEY and VALIANT, HM Battlecruiser
and HM Cruiser SHEFFIELD for German warships reported on passage to Atlantic.
8th Detached with HMS REPULSE, HM
Destroyers BEDOUIN, ESKIMO, PUNJABI and
KIMBERLEY to assist HM Destroyer
GLOWWORM after attack by HIPPER.
HM Battlecruisers RENOWN and REPULSE in Vestfjord after fruitless search.
9th Deployed with Fleet off Norway in support of allied
landings (Operation WILFRED/R4).
details of the disastrous operations off Norway In 1940 see NARVIK by Donald
CARRIER GLORIOUS by J Winton, ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY
the Naval Staff History (HMSO-2001)).
10th Remained off Vestfjord during 1st Battle
of Narvik and supported withdrawal of the destroyers
slight damage by near miss during air attacks.
11th Detached with HM Destroyers ESKIMO and KIMBERLEY for attack on transports
whilst attempting to enter fjord at Fleinvaer.
forward and boiler room flooded.
to Skelsfjord by HM Destroyer ESKIMO.
14th Remained in Norwegian waters to
supplement available defence against continuing air
later moved to Harstad.
at Harstad in continuation.
11th Passage to UK under tow with HM Cruisers
COVENTRY and CALCUTTA, HM Destroyers
ISIS, ZULU, CAMPBELL
18th Taken in hand for repair at Greenock.
repair arranged in Tyne shipyard.
15th Passage to Tyne
Major structural repair carried out including renewal of bottom plating. Close Range
guns fitted for anti-aircraft defence. Tripod masts fitted to support warning
Warning Radar Type 281 installed.
Fire Control radar equipment for main
armament (Type 284) and secondary armament
(Type 285) fitted.
For details of development and use of
radar in RN see RADAR AT SEA by D Howse).
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refit harbour and sea trials.
for operational service.
17th Rejoined Squadron at Scapa Flow.
with Home Fleet for interception and defence of convoys, based in Clyde.
9th Detached with HM Destroyers ICARUS and
LIGHTNING for escort of HM Battleship DUKE
YORK to Rosyth from Clyde.
Build had been completed by John Brown and armament work prior to acceptance
to be carried out by HM Dockyard, Rosyth.)
arrival at Rosyth took passage to rejoined Home Fleet ships in Iceland.
5th Deployed with HMS KING GEORGE V and
six Home Fleet destroyers as screen to cover HM
Carrier VICTORIOUS during air strikes on coastal shipping off Bodo, Norway.
9th Cover of HMS VICTORIOUS continued
during further air operations which 13,000 tons of
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY).
12th Transferred to 3rd Cruiser Squadron,
Mediterranean Fleet with HM Cruiser AURORA.
Ships were both to be deployed in Malta for interception of enemy
supply convoys to
to Gibraltar with HMS AURORA.
19th After embarking ammunition at Gibraltar met HM Destroyers LANCE and
LIVELY with HMS
AURORA to form Force
passage to Malta as escort for two supply
of Operation CALLBOY - For details of operations in Mediterranean see ENGAGE THE
MORE CLOSELY, THE BATTLE FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN by D.Macintyre
Naval Staff History (HMSO, 2002).).
21st Deployed with Force "K" to
intercept convoy on passage to Brindisi but returned when no ships
8th In action with HMS AURORA against
supply convoy and escort during which 7 ships were
as well as Italian destroyer FULMINE.
escort, Italian destroyer GRECALE
was badly damaged.
18th Carried out diversionary sweep from Malta during Army operations in
21st Escorted ‘dummy’ convoy towards North
African coast as further diversionary move.
24th Intercepted two ships carrying supplies
escorting destroyers were damaged and both mercantiles were sunk.
28th Deployed with Force "K" to
meet HM Cruisers AJAX and NEPTUNE, HM Destroyers
KINGSTON and KIMBERLEY on passage to reinforce
Force "K" in Malta.
30th Deployed with Force "K" ships
and reinforcements as Force "B" for convoy attacks.
1st Intercepted and sank Italian naval
auxiliary ADRIATICO and later the tanker IRIDIO
with her escorting destroyer ALVISO DA MOSTA.
9th Carried out an unsuccessful search for
convoy with HM Cruisers AURORA and NEPTUNE
by HM Destroyers JAGUAR and KANDAHAR.
15th Deployed with Force K to escort HM
Supply Ship BRECONSHIRE for last stage of passage
Malta from Alexandria.
17th Took part in 1st Battle of Sirte.
Superior Italian force which was covering passage
a convoy to Libya withdrew in the face of
possible night action and an incorrect
that British force included a battleship.
BRECONSHIRE completed her passage safely.
18th During operation with HMS NEPTUNE, HMS
AURORA and HM Destroyers LANCE,
KANDAHAR and HAVOCK to intercept ships
reported waiting off Tripoli
into enemy minefield 20 miles north of port.
mine in port paravane abreast bridge damaging fire control director.
Both HMS NEPTUNE and HMS AURORA also hit mines, the former ship being
with only one of her ships’ company of 763 surviving. He was rescued
with HMS LIVELY whilst HMS LANCE and HMS HAVOCK escorted damaged
AURORA to Malta.
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff History.).
20th Under repair in Malta
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completion of repair resumed operational service.
19th Escorted Malta relief convoy from Alexandria with HM Destroyers SIKH,
sustained air attacks.
25th Deployed with HM Destroyers MAORI, ZULU,
LANCE, LEGION and LIVELY as escort for
Supply Ship GLENGYLE and mv ROWALLAN CASTLE returning from Malta to
26th Relieved Mediterranean Fleet ships from Alexandria as escort for HM Supply Ship
of passage to Malta.
15th Escorted HMS BRECONSHIRE, ss AJAX, ss CITY OF CALCUTTA and ss CLAN
FERGUSON as Convoy ME10 for first
part of return passage to Alexandria with HM Destroyers
ZULU, LEGION, LIVELY FORTUNE
and DECOY (Operation MF5)
14th Met HM Cruiser CARLISLE and escorts joining from Alexandria.
under heavy and sustained air
attacks during which ss ROWALLAN CASTLE was
and although taken in tow by HMS
ZULU later had to be sunk by HMS LIVELY.
15th Returned to Malta after this disastrous
attempt to pass convoy into Malta had failed.
Malta deployment in continuation.
22nd Sailed from Malta with HMS LEGION to take over
escort for supply convoy (MW10) being
ships of 15th Cruiser Squadron and destroyers from Alexandria.
as 2nd Division for defence of convoy during attack by Italian force with HM cruiser
and HMS LEGION (2nd Battle of Sirte).
details see MEDITERRANEAN MAELSTROM by G. Cornell, ENGAGE THE ENEMY
CLOSELY and Naval Staff History.)
surviving ships to Malta with HM Destroyers LEGION, KINGSTON, HAVOCK and
HM Cruiser CARLISLE.
(Note: Ships in
Convoy had been detached during the engagement.)
23rd Passage delayed by weather and continued
air attacks after arrival off Malta.
Attempt to tow
disabled HMS BRECONSHIRE when hit by bomb proved impossible and ship
to be beached at Marsaxlokk in Malta.
26th Sustained damage by near miss during air
raid on Malta whilst alongside.
27th Docked for repair in HM Dockyard, Malta and sustained further
additional AA defence whilst work In progress and almost wore out new gun barrels
HMS PEPPERPOT by E Gordon.)
8th Sustained further significant damaged
by near miss during air raid whilst still in dock.
sailed from Malta after further temporary
repair (See above reference).
9th Under air attacks during westward
11th Taken hand for temporary repair in dry
dock by HM Dockyard, Gibraltar
repair arranged in USA.
temporary repair and prepared for passage to USA.
10th Took passage to New York with call at Bermuda.
19th Taken in hand for repair at Brooklyn
Navy Yard on arrival.
completion carried cut post refit harbour and sea trials.
1st Took passage to Norfolk, Va.
17th Passage to Portsmouth with call at Bermuda.
for service with 12th Cruiser Squadron in Mediterranean.
1st Arrived at Portsmouth for completion of work not
done in USA.
work and preparation for operational service..
2nd Arrived at Scapa Flow and deployed with Home
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from Scapa Flow to relieve HM Cruiser AJAX in Force "Q" at
22nd Called at Gibraltar on passage.
arrival at Bone deployed with Force "Q" to search for enemy shipping
with HM Cruisers
AURORA and SIRIUS.
"Q" deployment in continuation for shipping strikes and support of
in Algeria and Tunisia with Force
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY).
1st Carried out bombardment of
Pantellaria with HM Destroyers PALADIN and PETARD prior
landings by 1st British Division.
by shore fire (Operation CORKSCREW).
8th Took part in 'Dress Rehearsal' for
Pantellaria assault off that island.
10th Provided cover for landings on
Pantellaria with HM Cruisers AURORA, NEWFOUNDLAND,
screened by Fleet destroyers.
12th Bombarded Lampedusa with HMS ORION and
5th Passage to Alexandria with HMS AURORA and 6 destroyers
for cover of military convoys
passage to Sicily
HM Battleships WARSPITE, VALIANT and HM Aircraft Carrier FORMIDABLE
deployed to prevent any interference by Italian warships to landings
7th Escorted Convoy KMS18 through Tunisian
Channel before joining Force "H" ships in the
Gulf of Sirte prior to assault phase of
Catania and Taormina with HMS AURORA and two destroyers.
10th Cruised in Ionian Sea to cover landings operations
in Sicily with combined Force "H" and
Fleet capital ships.
(See ENGAGE THE
ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff History).
11th Carried out bombardment of northern flank of British advance
August Passage to Bizerta with call
at Malta when
released from HUSKY.
Deployed with HM
Cruisers AURORA, DIDO and SIRIUS.
8th Embarked 1st Airborne Division for
passage to Taranto from Bizerta with HM Cruisers
DIDO and SIRIUS and sailed to join HMS KING GEORGE V off Taranto
9th Landed troops covered by HM
Battleships KING GEORGE V and HOWE.
to join 12th Cruiser Squadron in support of landings at Salerno.
11th Joined US cruiser USS BOISE to replace HM cruiser UGANDA, US cruisers USS
SAVANNAH and USS
PHILADELPHIA which had been damaged off beach head
14th Provided naval gunfire support to
military during defence of beach heads.
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff History.)
26th Returned to Malta from beach head.
4th Transferred with Squadron to Levant
Command to intercept craft taking German troops
Aegean Islands after Italian surrender.
7th Intercepted convoy of transports
taking German garrison to Cos with HMS SIRIUS,
Destroyers FAULKNOR and FURY south of Levita.
small transports and 'F' Lighters with
escorting trawlers were attacked and either sunk
set on fire.
heavy air attacks in Scarpanto Strait and sustained serious
damaged by direct hit
"Y" turret and near misses.
corrected by damage control and continued passage.
of ships’ company were killed at 29 injured during this attack.
to Alexandria with HMS SIRIUS escorted by HM Destroyers
9th Under repair in Alexandria.
completion rejoined Levant Command for support of military operations.
During this period Operation ACCOLADE was being considered to re-occupy the
Aegean Islands but the failure to hold Cos
and Leros resulted in this being
any case operation of major warships had been shown as hazardous and
deployment was only likely if adequate cover by allied aircraft were
release from Levant Command transferred to Gibraltar.
22nd Deployed for Atlantic convoy defence and
interception of blockade runners.
for German blockade runner ALSTRUFER with HM Cruiser GAMBIA and HM
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY).
29th Returned to Gibraltar after ALSTRUFER had been
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19th Deployed with 15th Cruiser Squadron at Naples for duty in support of
Anzio (Operation SHINGLE).
ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY and Naval Staff History).
21st Deployed as part of Southern Attack
Force (X-Ray) with USS BROOKLYN,
Fighter Direction Ship PALOMARES and USN and RN destroyers
22nd Provided naval gunfire support at X
25th Deployed as a pair with HMS DIDO, to
provide naval gunfire support to shore
These two cruisers were deployed in rotation with HM Cruiser DELHI and USS
BROOKLYN, HMS PHOEBE and HMS ORION,
HM Cruiser MAURITIUS and
27th Bombarded Formia
During the period up to 17th February, ships in the assault area came under
support role in continuation with ships of Force X.
8th Carried out five bombardments in
support of military operations at Anzio beachhead.
17th During passage to Naples to replenish ammunition hit
by acoustic torpedo (T5) fired
U410 35 miles west of Naples off Cape Circe.
10 minutes after further torpedo attack by U410 which caused major explosion.
of the ships’ company were lost with 250 survivors rescued by landing craft